The price of lumber has more than doubled over the past year, and economists warn that things might stay this way for a while. That's why people like Hans Dow are getting crafty.
"I was like, well, I want a sawmill. I can make a lot of stuff with it. I also need to learn how to weld ...," Dow says as he hefts a 9-foot log onto the deck of his hand-built sawmill. It sits in the corner of his South Anchorage, Alaska, backyard.
Dow spent the winter in his garage building this sawmill from scratch. He collected the scrap metal and the machinery parts from all over the city. He says his brother urged him to take on the project.
"He was working on his house and we were kind of joking like 'man, lumber is really expensive. We could probably build or buy a sawmill and make our own siding and break even or come out ahead.' And then I started to do the math," he says. "And I was like, 'oh yeah, it would be cheaper.'"
It took him three weeks and $3,000 to build.
Dow says furniture projects are in his future. But his first major home improvement effort is to build garden boxes for his wife. If he were to buy this lumber today, it would cost him at least $2,000. But for Dow, spruce logs are free. He picks them up from Paul's Tree Service in Anchorage, where he works as a crane operator. The company removes beetle-infested spruce throughout the city.
When the pandemic forced nationwide lockdowns, it forced commercial sawmills, furniture manufacturers and homebuilders to temporarily shut down. "So, demand for lumber kind of bounced back even as supply remained constrained," says Jeremy Moses, a lumber market analyst with IBISWorld.
"But at the same time, a lot of people wanted more space through the pandemic, more space to work from home," he says. "People who were kind of stuck at home wanted new furniture, and people buying new homes also bought new furniture."
Now producers are scrambling to catch up with demand. Additionally, record-low interest rates have bolstered new home construction.
Phil Hudson, 71, isn't a welder, nor does he work for a tree service. The retiree has worked with wood for decades. He says when he built his house 20 years ago, it cost him $3,500. He has been planning to add more square footage for years. "I'm adding a 16 by 24 addition," Hudson explains, "and then there's a couple other little bump-outs. I'm about tripling my floor area," he says.
He lives on 40 acres in Willow, Alaska, about an hour north of Anchorage. If he had purchased the lumber he needed last year, he says he might have paid just over $6 a board. This year, basic framing timbers cost at least $15. Depending on the type of wood and whether it's pressure-treated, that price can climb above $64 per board.
"You can't pay these kind of prices," he says. "It's like going to the grocery store and spending $200 and leaving with one bag of groceries."
Recently, Hudson was in Anchorage to pick up a brand-new portable sawmill that just arrived from Portland, Ore. With shipping and an extra box of blades, the mill cost $10,000.
A useful hobby
Hudson says he has many acres of standing deadwood on his property that he can mill himself. The spruce beetle has affected more than 1.1 million acres of forest in south central Alaska since 2015. Much of the deadwood on Hudson's property is due to the beetle. After Hudson cuts down on the wildfire hazards on his land and finishes his own projects, he wants to use his mill to make a little extra money.
"As this goes on, I'll make a few bucks in the future by building a kiln, and kiln-drying birch." He plans to sell those boards to people who want new shelving and rough-edged tabletops. "I don't know how many years I have left," he says, "so I might as well do something that's entertaining."
Hudson purchased his mill from WoodMizer, an Indiana-based company that manufactures portable sawmills. The company's cheapest mill is priced at just over $3,000. Prices go up to nearly $60,000. And demand is high.
"The lead time is 44 to 59 weeks right now for a sawmill," says Kate Sebring, a sales representative for WoodMizer. Before the pandemic, she was selling one sawmill a week. Now she takes deposits for three or four sawmills each day.
According to Sebring, WoodMizer has shipped dozens of sawmills to villages across the state.
In Alaska, business doesn't come just from the road system. Don Morgan also came to the WoodMizer office to shop for a sawmill.
"I'm changing my shop into a house, so now I need a shop," he says.
Morgan took a two-hour flight from Aniak, a Native village of about 500 people in southwest Alaska, to put his order in. There are no hardware stores or lumberyards there. Instead, Morgan would have to order his lumber months in advance.
Morgan could expect to pay at least $2,000 in freight alone to ship it all to Aniak from Seattle on a barge. While the sawmill's $10,000 price tag gave him some pause, he ultimately decided to buy it.
"We had a lot of trouble with building houses and getting material," he says of his village.
Aniak sits on the Kuskokwim River, east of Bethel, where there are plenty of trees. Morgan says he can tow his mill with a snow machine or a four-wheeler and find all the wood he needs.
RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:
Have you noticed this? The price of lumber has more than doubled over the last year, so consumers with home improvement projects are looking for ways to save. One of those ways is extreme do-it-yourself. We're talking about milling your own lumber.
Emily Schwing reports from Anchorage.
EMILY SCHWING, BYLINE: Hans Dow spent the winter building a sawmill from scratch in his garage.
HANS DOW: I was like, well, I want a sawmill. I can make a lot of stuff with it. I also need to learn how to weld.
SCHWING: Dow's sawmill is about half the size of an upright piano. Today, he's cutting dozens of boards to build garden boxes. First, he rolls a nine-foot log into place.
DOW: And then most importantly are earplugs 'cause it's kind of loud.
SCHWING: Then he fires up his mill.
(SOUNDBITE OF MILL STARTING)
SCHWING: He guides the jagged metal blade through the log.
DOW: It's as simple as that.
SCHWING: Dow spent $3,000 to build his sawmill. He'll save thousands on future projects - a shed, an outdoor bench, maybe a dresser.
But not everyone takes do it yourself to this level.
PHIL HUDSON: What am I doing here?
KATE SEBRING: All right. So I'll go through...
HUDSON: Obviously signing things.
SCHWING: Seventy-one-year-old Phil Hudson is finishing the paperwork to buy a portable sawmill. For years, he's wanted to add on to his house. If he'd bought the lumber he needs last year, he says he'd have paid around $6 a board. This year, that price could be as high as $64 per board.
HUDSON: No, you can't pay these kind of prices (laughter). It's like, go to the grocery store and spend $200 and leave with one bag of groceries.
SEBRING: This is the warranty.
HUDSON: The engine blows up, something like that.
SCHWING: Kate Sebring is the sales representative at the Alaska office for WoodMizer, a company that manufactures portable sawmills. The cheapest mill costs just over $3,000. Prices go up to nearly $60,000.
Do you guys have your own mill, too?
SEBRING: Not anymore...
SEBRING: ...Unfortunately. Sometimes you'll have a customer who just wants a mill so bad, and you don't have anything in stock. And they're like, well, what's that mill right there? Oh, well, that's mine. Can I buy that from you? And this has happened more than once.
SCHWING: Before the pandemic, this WoodMizer office took an order for one sawmill per week. Now Sebring takes deposits for three or four sawmills a day.
JEREMY MOSES: Demand for lumber kind of bounced back even as supply remained constrained.
SCHWING: Jeremy Moses is a lumber market analyst with IBISWorld. He says the pandemic led to shut downs for home builders, furniture manufacturers and large-scale commercial sawmills.
MOSES: But at the same time, a lot of people wanted more space through the pandemic, more space to work from home. People who were kind of stuck at home wanted more furniture. And people buying new homes also bought new furniture.
SCHWING: Even though Moses says the sales of portable sawmills right now are a bright spot, the summer construction season for some people is still dim.
DON MORGAN: Kind of, yeah. We had a lot of trouble with building houses and getting material.
SCHWING: Don Morgan wanted a sawmill so badly he took a two-hour flight to Anchorage from his remote Native village of Aniak. Instead of ordering building supplies months in advance and shipping them to Aniak, he'll just ship a sawmill.
Are you excited, Don?
MORGAN: Can't wait.
MORGAN: I can't stay still. If I have lumber, I got to build something.
SCHWING: At $10,000, the price is a tough number to swallow for Morgan. But the sawmill is also a long-term investment. For NPR News, I'm Emily Schwing in Anchorage.
(SOUNDBITE OF EPIC45'S "THE LANES DON'T CHANGE") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.